java、php中RSA产生公钥和私钥、校验 、加密 、解密的几种方法

java、php中RSA产生公钥和私钥、校验 、加密 、解密的几种方法

java、php中RSA产生公钥和私钥、校验 、加密 、解密的几种方法

今天主要给大家讲一下在java和php中如何利用开发语言直接生成RSA公钥与私钥,并进行加密解密和校验

JAVA

主要通过KeyPairGenerator进行生成公钥私钥及加密解密校验

1、第一种

import org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Base64;

import javax.crypto.Cipher;
import java.security.*;
import java.security.spec.PKCS8EncodedKeySpec;
import java.security.spec.X509EncodedKeySpec;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * Created by lake on 17-4-12.
 */
public class RSACoder {
    public static final String KEY_ALGORITHM = "RSA";
    public static final String SIGNATURE_ALGORITHM = "MD5withRSA";

    private static final String PUBLIC_KEY = "RSAPublicKey";
    private static final String PRIVATE_KEY = "RSAPrivateKey";

    public static byte[] decryptBASE64(String key) {
        return Base64.decodeBase64(key);
    }

    public static String encryptBASE64(byte[] bytes) {
        return Base64.encodeBase64String(bytes);
    }

    /**
     * 用私钥对信息生成数字签名
     *
     * @param data       加密数据
     * @param privateKey 私钥
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static String sign(byte[] data, String privateKey) throws Exception {
        // 解密由base64编码的私钥
        byte[] keyBytes = decryptBASE64(privateKey);
        // 构造PKCS8EncodedKeySpec对象
        PKCS8EncodedKeySpec pkcs8KeySpec = new PKCS8EncodedKeySpec(keyBytes);
        // KEY_ALGORITHM 指定的加密算法
        KeyFactory keyFactory = KeyFactory.getInstance(KEY_ALGORITHM);
        // 取私钥匙对象
        PrivateKey priKey = keyFactory.generatePrivate(pkcs8KeySpec);
        // 用私钥对信息生成数字签名
        Signature signature = Signature.getInstance(SIGNATURE_ALGORITHM);
        signature.initSign(priKey);
        signature.update(data);
        return encryptBASE64(signature.sign());
    }

    /**
     * 校验数字签名
     *
     * @param data      加密数据
     * @param publicKey 公钥
     * @param sign      数字签名
     * @return 校验成功返回true 失败返回false
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static boolean verify(byte[] data, String publicKey, String sign)
            throws Exception {
        // 解密由base64编码的公钥
        byte[] keyBytes = decryptBASE64(publicKey);
        // 构造X509EncodedKeySpec对象
        X509EncodedKeySpec keySpec = new X509EncodedKeySpec(keyBytes);
        // KEY_ALGORITHM 指定的加密算法
        KeyFactory keyFactory = KeyFactory.getInstance(KEY_ALGORITHM);
        // 取公钥匙对象
        PublicKey pubKey = keyFactory.generatePublic(keySpec);
        Signature signature = Signature.getInstance(SIGNATURE_ALGORITHM);
        signature.initVerify(pubKey);
        signature.update(data);
        // 验证签名是否正常
        return signature.verify(decryptBASE64(sign));
    }

    public static byte[] decryptByPrivateKey(byte[] data, String key) throws Exception{
        // 对密钥解密
        byte[] keyBytes = decryptBASE64(key);
        // 取得私钥
        PKCS8EncodedKeySpec pkcs8KeySpec = new PKCS8EncodedKeySpec(keyBytes);
        KeyFactory keyFactory = KeyFactory.getInstance(KEY_ALGORITHM);
        Key privateKey = keyFactory.generatePrivate(pkcs8KeySpec);
        // 对数据解密
        Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance(keyFactory.getAlgorithm());
        cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, privateKey);
        return cipher.doFinal(data);
    }

    /**
     * 解密<br>
     * 用私钥解密
     *
     * @param data
     * @param key
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static byte[] decryptByPrivateKey(String data, String key)
            throws Exception {
        return decryptByPrivateKey(decryptBASE64(data),key);
    }

    /**
     * 解密<br>
     * 用公钥解密
     *
     * @param data
     * @param key
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static byte[] decryptByPublicKey(byte[] data, String key)
            throws Exception {
        // 对密钥解密
        byte[] keyBytes = decryptBASE64(key);
        // 取得公钥
        X509EncodedKeySpec x509KeySpec = new X509EncodedKeySpec(keyBytes);
        KeyFactory keyFactory = KeyFactory.getInstance(KEY_ALGORITHM);
        Key publicKey = keyFactory.generatePublic(x509KeySpec);
        // 对数据解密
        Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance(keyFactory.getAlgorithm());
        cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, publicKey);
        return cipher.doFinal(data);
    }

    /**
     * 加密<br>
     * 用公钥加密
     *
     * @param data
     * @param key
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static byte[] encryptByPublicKey(String data, String key)
            throws Exception {
        // 对公钥解密
        byte[] keyBytes = decryptBASE64(key);
        // 取得公钥
        X509EncodedKeySpec x509KeySpec = new X509EncodedKeySpec(keyBytes);
        KeyFactory keyFactory = KeyFactory.getInstance(KEY_ALGORITHM);
        Key publicKey = keyFactory.generatePublic(x509KeySpec);
        // 对数据加密
        Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance(keyFactory.getAlgorithm());
        cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, publicKey);
        return cipher.doFinal(data.getBytes());
    }

    /**
     * 加密<br>
     * 用私钥加密
     *
     * @param data
     * @param key
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static byte[] encryptByPrivateKey(byte[] data, String key)
            throws Exception {
        // 对密钥解密
        byte[] keyBytes = decryptBASE64(key);
        // 取得私钥
        PKCS8EncodedKeySpec pkcs8KeySpec = new PKCS8EncodedKeySpec(keyBytes);
        KeyFactory keyFactory = KeyFactory.getInstance(KEY_ALGORITHM);
        Key privateKey = keyFactory.generatePrivate(pkcs8KeySpec);
        // 对数据加密
        Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance(keyFactory.getAlgorithm());
        cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, privateKey);
        return cipher.doFinal(data);
    }

    /**
     * 取得私钥
     *
     * @param keyMap
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static String getPrivateKey(Map<String, Key> keyMap)
            throws Exception {
        Key key = (Key) keyMap.get(PRIVATE_KEY);
        return encryptBASE64(key.getEncoded());
    }

    /**
     * 取得公钥
     *
     * @param keyMap
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static String getPublicKey(Map<String, Key> keyMap)
            throws Exception {
        Key key = keyMap.get(PUBLIC_KEY);
        return encryptBASE64(key.getEncoded());
    }

    /**
     * 初始化密钥
     *
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static Map<String, Key> initKey() throws Exception {
        KeyPairGenerator keyPairGen = KeyPairGenerator
                .getInstance(KEY_ALGORITHM);
        keyPairGen.initialize(1024);
        KeyPair keyPair = keyPairGen.generateKeyPair();
        Map<String, Key> keyMap = new HashMap(2);
        keyMap.put(PUBLIC_KEY, keyPair.getPublic());// 公钥
        keyMap.put(PRIVATE_KEY, keyPair.getPrivate());// 私钥
        return keyMap;
    }
}

使用示例

import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.Test;

import java.security.Key;
import java.util.Map;

import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals;
import static org.junit.Assert.assertTrue;

/**
 * Created by lake on 17-4-12.
 */
public class RSACoderTest {
    private String publicKey;
    private String privateKey;

    @Before
    public void setUp() throws Exception {
        Map<String, Key> keyMap = RSACoder.initKey();
        publicKey = RSACoder.getPublicKey(keyMap);
        privateKey = RSACoder.getPrivateKey(keyMap);
        System.err.println("公钥: \n\r" + publicKey);
        System.err.println("私钥: \n\r" + privateKey);
    }

    @Test
    public void test() throws Exception {
        System.err.println("公钥加密——私钥解密");
        String inputStr = "dounine";
        byte[] encodedData = RSACoder.encryptByPublicKey(inputStr, publicKey);
        byte[] decodedData = RSACoder.decryptByPrivateKey(encodedData,
                privateKey);
        String outputStr = new String(decodedData);
        System.err.println("加密前: " + inputStr + "\n\r" + "解密后: " + outputStr);
        assertEquals(inputStr, outputStr);
    }

    @Test
    public void testSign() throws Exception {
        System.err.println("私钥加密——公钥解密");
        String inputStr = "dounine";
        byte[] data = inputStr.getBytes();
        byte[] encodedData = RSACoder.encryptByPrivateKey(data, privateKey);
        byte[] decodedData = RSACoder.decryptByPublicKey(encodedData, publicKey);
        String outputStr = new String(decodedData);
        System.err.println("加密前: " + inputStr + "\n\r" + "解密后: " + outputStr);
        assertEquals(inputStr, outputStr);
        System.err.println("私钥签名——公钥验证签名");
        // 产生签名
        String sign = RSACoder.sign(encodedData, privateKey);
        System.err.println("签名:" + sign);
        // 验证签名
        boolean status = RSACoder.verify(encodedData, publicKey, sign);
        System.err.println("状态:" + status);
        assertTrue(status);
    }
}

第二种

package com.zzzmh.api.utils;
import java.util.Base64;
import javax.crypto.Cipher;
import java.security.KeyFactory;
import java.security.KeyPair;
import java.security.KeyPairGenerator;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import java.security.SecureRandom;
import java.security.interfaces.RSAPrivateKey;
import java.security.interfaces.RSAPublicKey;
import java.security.spec.PKCS8EncodedKeySpec;
import java.security.spec.X509EncodedKeySpec;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
/**
 * Java RSA 加密工具类
 * 参考: https://blog.csdn.net/qy20115549/article/details/83105736
 */
public class RSAUtils {
    /**
     * 密钥长度 于原文长度对应 以及越长速度越慢
     */
    private final static int KEY_SIZE = 1024;
    /**
     * 用于封装随机产生的公钥与私钥
     */
    private static Map<Integer, String> keyMap = new HashMap<Integer, String>();
    /**
     * 随机生成密钥对
     */
    public static void genKeyPair() throws NoSuchAlgorithmException {
        // KeyPairGenerator类用于生成公钥和私钥对,基于RSA算法生成对象
        KeyPairGenerator keyPairGen = KeyPairGenerator.getInstance("RSA");
        // 初始化密钥对生成器
        keyPairGen.initialize(KEY_SIZE, new SecureRandom());
        // 生成一个密钥对,保存在keyPair中
        KeyPair keyPair = keyPairGen.generateKeyPair();
        // 得到私钥
        RSAPrivateKey privateKey = (RSAPrivateKey) keyPair.getPrivate();
        // 得到公钥
        RSAPublicKey publicKey = (RSAPublicKey) keyPair.getPublic();
        String publicKeyString = Base64.getEncoder().encodeToString(publicKey.getEncoded());
        // 得到私钥字符串
        String privateKeyString = Base64.getEncoder().encodeToString(privateKey.getEncoded());
        // 将公钥和私钥保存到Map
        //0表示公钥
        keyMap.put(0, publicKeyString);
        //1表示私钥
        keyMap.put(1, privateKeyString);
    }
    /**
     * RSA公钥加密
     *
     * @param str       加密字符串
     * @param publicKey 公钥
     * @return 密文
     * @throws Exception 加密过程中的异常信息
     */
    public static String encrypt(String str, String publicKey) throws Exception {
        //base64编码的公钥
        byte[] decoded = Base64.getDecoder().decode(publicKey);
        RSAPublicKey pubKey = (RSAPublicKey) KeyFactory.getInstance("RSA").generatePublic(new X509EncodedKeySpec(decoded));
        //RSA加密
        Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("RSA");
        cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, pubKey);
        String outStr = Base64.getEncoder().encodeToString(cipher.doFinal(str.getBytes("UTF-8")));
        return outStr;
    }
    /**
     * RSA私钥解密
     *
     * @param str        加密字符串
     * @param privateKey 私钥
     * @return 明文
     * @throws Exception 解密过程中的异常信息
     */
    public static String decrypt(String str, String privateKey) throws Exception {
        //64位解码加密后的字符串
        byte[] inputByte = Base64.getDecoder().decode(str);
        //base64编码的私钥
        byte[] decoded = Base64.getDecoder().decode(privateKey);
        RSAPrivateKey priKey = (RSAPrivateKey) KeyFactory.getInstance("RSA").generatePrivate(new PKCS8EncodedKeySpec(decoded));
        //RSA解密
        Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("RSA");
        cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, priKey);
        String outStr = new String(cipher.doFinal(inputByte));
        return outStr;
    }
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        long temp = System.currentTimeMillis();
        //生成公钥和私钥
        genKeyPair();
        //加密字符串
        System.out.println("公钥:" + keyMap.get(0));
        System.out.println("私钥:" + keyMap.get(1));
        System.out.println("生成密钥消耗时间:" + (System.currentTimeMillis() - temp) / 1000.0 + "秒");
        String message = "RSA测试ABCD~!@#$";
        System.out.println("原文:" + message);
        temp = System.currentTimeMillis();
        String messageEn = encrypt(message, keyMap.get(0));
        System.out.println("密文:" + messageEn);
        System.out.println("加密消耗时间:" + (System.currentTimeMillis() - temp) / 1000.0 + "秒");
        temp = System.currentTimeMillis();
        String messageDe = decrypt(messageEn, keyMap.get(1));
        System.out.println("解密:" + messageDe);
        System.out.println("解密消耗时间:" + (System.currentTimeMillis() - temp) / 1000.0 + "秒");
    }
}

PHP

主要通过openssl提供的相关方法进行创建和加密解密及校验

$config = array(
    "private_key_bits" => 1024,                     //字节数    512 1024  2048   4096 等
    "private_key_type" => OPENSSL_KEYTYPE_RSA,     //加密类型
    "config" => "D:/phpStudy/PHPTutorial/Apache/conf/openssl.cnf"
);

$privkeypass = '123456789'; //私钥密码
$numberofdays = 365;     //有效时长
$cerpath = "./test.cer"; //生成证书路径
$pfxpath = "./test.pfx"; //密钥文件路径

$dn = array(    
    "countryName" => "UK",                                  //所在国家
    "stateOrProvinceName" => "Somerset",                    //所在省份
    "localityName" => "Glastonbury",                        //所在城市
    "organizationName" => "The Brain Room Limited",         //注册人姓名
    "organizationalUnitName" => "PHP Documentation Team",   //组织名称
    "commonName" => "Wez Furlong",                          //公共名称
    "emailAddress" => "wez@example.com"                     //邮箱
);

// 生成公钥私钥资源
$res = openssl_pkey_new($config);

// 导出私钥 $priKey
openssl_pkey_export($res, $priKey,null,$config);

//  导出公钥 $pubKey
$pubKey = openssl_pkey_get_details($res);
$pubKey = $pubKey["key"];
//print_r($priKey); 私钥
//print_r($pubKey); 公钥

//直接测试私钥 公钥
echo '-------------------公私钥加解密-START---------------------','<br>';
$data = '测试公私钥加解密成功!';
// 公钥加密
openssl_public_encrypt($data, $encrypted, $pubKey);
// 私钥解密
openssl_private_decrypt($encrypted, $decrypted, $priKey);

echo '公钥加密:',base64_encode($encrypted),'私钥解密:','<br>',$decrypted,'<br>';
echo '-------------------公私钥加解密-END---------------------','<br>';

//生成文件
$csr = openssl_csr_new($dn, $priKey,$config); //基于$dn生成新的 CSR (证书签名请求)
$sscert = openssl_csr_sign($csr, null, $priKey, 365,$config);//根据配置自己对证书进行签名
openssl_x509_export($sscert, $csrkey); //将公钥证书存储到一个变量 $csrkey,由 PEM 编码格式命名。
openssl_pkcs12_export($sscert, $privatekey, $priKey, $privkeypass); //将私钥存储到名为的出 PKCS12 文件格式的字符串。 导出密钥$privatekey

//生成证书文件
$fp = fopen($cerpath, "w");
fwrite($fp, $csrkey);
fclose($fp);
//生成密钥文件
$fp = fopen($pfxpath, "w");
fwrite($fp, $privatekey);
fclose($fp);


echo '<br>','<br>','<br>','<br>';
echo '----------------------自签名验证-START----------------------','<br>';
// 测试私钥 秘钥
$privkeypass = '123456789'; //私钥密码
$pfxpath = "./test.pfx"; //密钥文件路径
$priv_key = file_get_contents($pfxpath); //获取密钥文件内容
$data = "测试数据!"; //加密数据测试test
//私钥加密
openssl_pkcs12_read($priv_key, $certs, $privkeypass); //读取公钥、私钥
$prikeyid = $certs['pkey']; //私钥
openssl_sign($data, $signMsg, $prikeyid,OPENSSL_ALGO_SHA1); //注册生成加密信息
$signMsg = base64_encode($signMsg); //base64转码加密信息


//公钥解密
$unsignMsg=base64_decode($signMsg);//base64解码加密信息
openssl_pkcs12_read($priv_key, $certs, $privkeypass); //读取公钥、私钥
$pubkeyid = $certs['cert']; //公钥
$res = openssl_verify($data, $unsignMsg, $pubkeyid); //验证
echo $res?'证书测试成功!':'证书测试失败!';echo '<br>'; //输出验证结果,1:验证成功,0:验证失败

echo '-----------------------签名验证-END------------------------','<br>';


{{collectdata}}

网友评论0

阿里云香港主机,免备案大优惠 打开浏览器开发html,体验云开发的乐趣bfweditor 打开浏览器即可开发php,bfwstudio
其他文章